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The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, II: Beth-Waw
David J. A. Clines
Publication Date
December 1993


The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew is a completely new and innovative dictionary. Unlike previous dictionaries, which have been dictionaries of biblical Hebrew, this is the first dictionary of the classical Hebrew language to include the Bible, Dead Sea Scrolls, and all the other known Hebrew inscriptions and manuscripts. This dictionary covers the period from the earliest times to 200 C.E. It lists and analyzes every occurrence of each Hebrew word that occurs in texts of that period, with an English translation of every Hebrew word and phrase cited.

Among its special features are a list of the nonbiblical texts cited (especially the Dead Sea Scrolls), a word frequency index for each letter of the alphabet, a substantial bibliography (from volume 2 onward), and an English–Hebrew index in each volume.

David Clines is Professor Emeritus, Department of Biblical Studies, University of Sheffield.

The SBL is the North American distributor for Sheffield Phoenix Press. Customers outside of North America can purchase this book directly from Sheffield Phoenix by clicking here.


“The praise of BDB in 1892 may be repeated for this new dictionary. It is indeed ‘a landmark and a glory for the generation which produced [it].’”
—C. S. Rodd, Editor, Expository Times

“Sheffield is to be congratulated on a remarkable achievement. Volume 1 proves beyond doubt that The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew is going to combine the strengths of the Gesenius-BDB tradition—thoroughness, comprehensiveness, meticulous ‘old-fashioned’ textual scholarship—with impeccable 20th-century linguistic theory.”
—J. F. A. Sawyer, Society for Old Testament Study Book List

“If there is anything sensational about the contemporary study of ancient Hebrew, then one must say: It is in book form, and the book is called the … Dictionary of Classical Hebrew. … Absolutely indispensable!”
Bernhard Lang, Editor, Internationale Zeitschrift für Bibelwissenschaft und Grenzgebiete