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Studies in the History of the Greek Text of the Apocalypse: The Ancient Stems
Josef Schmid; Juan Hernandez Jr., Garrick V. Allen, Darius Muller, translators
TCS 11
Publication Date
August 2018


Now available in English

Josef Schmid’s landmark publication, Studien zur Geschichte des Griechischen Apokalypse-Textes, has been the standard work for understanding Revelation’s Greek manuscript tradition and textual history for more than sixty years. Despite the fact that most major studies on the book are based on Schmid’s work, the work itself has long been out of print, making it difficult for the broader scholarly community to reassess Schmid’s conclusions in light of recent manuscript discoveries and technological advances. This new translation of the work makes Schmid’s detailed review of the history of textual scholarship; his comprehensive examination of the origin, history, and development of the Greek manuscripts of the book of Revelation; and his assessment of John’s peculiar linguistic writing style accessible to a new generation of scholars.


  • A critical introduction that places Schmid’s work in its historical and theoretical context
  • Definitions and explanations of Schmid’s text-critical terms and categories used in his construction of Revelation’s Greek manuscript tradition
  • The latest available information used to correct, update, and supplement Schmid’s Greek manuscript data and historical and text-critical conclusions

Juan Hernández Jr. is Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota. He is the author of the award-winning Scribal Habits and Theological Influences in the Apocalypse (2006), coeditor of Studies on the Text of the New Testament and Early Christianity (2015), and author of numerous articles.

Garrick V. Allen is Lecturer in New Testament at Dublin City University and Research Associate of the School of Ancient Languages, University of Pretoria. He is the author of The Book of Revelation and Early Jewish Textual Culture (2017) and numerous articles.

Darius Müller is a researcher at the Institut für Septuaginta und biblische Textforschung at the Kirchliche Hochschule Wuppertal/Bethel. He is an editor of the Text und Textwert VI: Die Apokalypse Teststellenkollation und Auswertungen (2017) and the author of multiple articles on the textual history of the Apocalypse.

Download volume front matter, including table of contents and introduction.

Download a printable publication sheet that you can put in your files or give to your librarian or bookstore.


This is Text-Critical Studies 11.Download a printable standing order sheet to see other available volumes in the series and to give to your librarian to set up a standing order.