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Scribal Practices and Approaches Reflected in the Texts Found in the Judean Desert
Emanuel Tov, Brill Academic
Publication Date
July 2009


This monograph is written in the form of a handbook on the scribal features of the texts found in the Judean Desert, the Dead Sea Scrolls. It details the material, shape, and preparation of the scrolls; scribes and scribal activity; scripts, writing conventions, errors and their correction, and scribal signs; scribal traditions; differences between different types of scrolls (e.g., biblical and nonbiblical scrolls); and the possible existence of scribal schools such as that at Qumran. In most categories, the analysis is meant to be exhaustive. Numerous tables as well as annotated illustrations and charts of scribal signs accompany the detailed analysis. The findings have major implications for the study of the scrolls and the understanding of their relationship to scribal traditions in Israel and elsewhere.

Emanuel Tov, Ph.D. (1973) in Biblical Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is J. L. Magnes Professor of Bible at the Hebrew University. He is the editor-in-chief of the Dead Sea Scrolls publication project and the author of two handbooks on textual criticism and co-author of The Dead Sea Scrolls Reader (Brill).