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Beyond Babel: A Handbook for Biblical Hebrew and Related Languages
John Kaltner, Steven L. McKenzie, editors
RBS 42
Publication Date
November 2002



Beyond Babel provides a general introduction to and overview of the languages that are significant for the study of the Hebrew Bible and ancient Israel. Included are essays on biblical and inscriptional Hebrew, Akkadian, Northwest Semitic dialects (Ammonite, Edomite, and Moabite), Arabic, Aramaic, Egyptian, Hittite, Phoenician, postbiblical Hebrew, and Ugaritic.

Each chapter in the volume shares a common format, including an overview of the language, a discussion of its significance for the Hebrew Bible, and a list of ancient sources and modern resources for further study of the language. A general introduction by John Huehnergard discusses the importance of the study of Near Eastern languages for biblical scholarship, helping to make the volume an ideal resource for persons beginning an in-depth study of the Hebrew Bible.

John Kaltner is Associate Professor of Religious Studies, and Steven L. McKenzie is Professor of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament at RhodesCollege in Memphis, Tennessee.

Beyond Babel is a remarkably helpful survey of the languages pertinent to the study of Hebrew written by the most knowledgeable scholars in the field. The essays are up-to-date, informative, and clearly presented; they are thorough without being overwhelming. This collection should become required reading, not only for advanced students of Hebrew, but also for scholars working in other Semitic languages.” — C. L. Seow, Henry Snyder Gehman Professor of Old Testament Language and Literature, Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, New Jersey


Introduction, by John Huehnergard

Akkadian, by David Marcus

“Ammonite, Edomite, and Moabite,” by Simon B. Parker

Arabic, by John Kaltner

Aramaic, by Frederick E. Greenspahn

Egyptian, by Donald B. Redford

Hebrew (Biblical and Epigraphic), by Jo Ann Hackett

Hebrew (Postbiblical), by Baruch A. Levine

Hittite, by Harry A. Hoffner Jr.

Phoenician, by Charles R. Krahmalkov

Ugaritic, by Peggy L. Day